Salient Disorders treated
Salient Disorders treated
The opacity or loss of transparency of the lens of the eye is cataract, which impairs the vision. The only treatment is surgical removal through a simple and easy operation.
Group of diseases that can lead to damage to the eyes optic nerve which result in blindness gradually characterized by :
- Loss of side vision
- Inability to adjust the eye to dark room.
- Difficulty during near work
- Rainbow coloured rings
- Frequent change of glasses
III. Diabetes Mellitus
Is a systemic metabolic disease which affects eye blood vessels in the retina called Diabetic Retinopathy, often has no early warning signs. At some point you may have Macular Edema which blurs the vision making it hard to do things like reading and driving.
Macular degeneration is defined as a disease that gradually destroys the central area of the retina, known as the macula. The macula transforms light waves from directly in front of the eye into nerve signals that the brain processes into discernable images. When the macula becomes damaged, crisp central vision is compromised. Two most common types of ARMD are Dry (atrophic) and Wet (Exudative)
V. Squint (Strabismus)
Strabismus (sometimes called crossed or wandering eye or, for one eye turned outward (toward the wall), walleye) is a disorder of the eyes involving a lack of coordination between the muscles of the eyes. Essentially, the eyes do not point in the same direction. This prevents bringing the gaze of each to the same point in space, preventing proper binocular vision, which may adversely affect depth perception.
VI. Refractive Errors
Imperfections in the focusing power of the eye, so that light rays are not brought into sharp focus on the retina, causing blurred vision that can usually be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. Nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism are refractive errors.
Inflammation of the lacrimal sac causing obstruction of the tube draining tears into the nose. Symptoms include discharge, a sticky eye, eye pain or discomfort, a red or pink eye, swelling around the eye and tearing.
General term - inflammation of the eye. Inflammation can be in the anterior (iritis), intermediate, and/or posterior portion of the eye.
IX. Central Serous Retinopathy (CSR)
CSR is a condition which causes temporary or permanent impairment of vision. The symptoms are distortion of the visual image. It is a result of the detachment of most of the layers of the retina (the back of the eye) from its supporting tissue as a result of the buildup of fluid. The buildup of fluid appears to be due to one or more small breaks in the retinal pigment epithelium.
X. Ocular Surface Disorders
Deviating from the usual structure, position, condition, or behavior. In referring to a growth, abnormal may mean that it is cancerous or premalignant.
- Lid - Blepharitis (Chronic inflammation of lid margin, two forms squamous and ulcerative)
- Stye (Inflammation of eye lid glands, painful swelling)
- Chalazion (Inflammation of meibomian gland, painless swelling)
- Conjunctiva - Inflammation (Conjunctivitis)
- Dry Eye
- Degeneration (Pterygium)
- Cornea (clear surface at the front of eye is the main focusing element of the eye, if the cornea becomes cloudy or scarred vision can be reduced or lost)
- Malnutrition (Vitamin A)
- Chemical burns
- Sclera - Scleritis, episcleritis (inflammation)
XI. Orbital Tumors
By definition Orbital Tumors occur in the space between the eyeball and bony orbital walls.
Injuries to the eye, eyelid, and area around the eye.
XIII. Vitreous Hemorrhage
Bleeding into the vitreous cavity.
Last Updated On 22/09/2017